ASPHN Annual Meeting
This year’s ASPHN Annual Meeting theme — TRUST. LISTEN. BUILD. — stems from a presentation about the future of public health nutrition given by our Association’s Executive Director at last year’s Annual Meeting. These motivational words are the foundation of a collaborative, strong and successful future, which starts now! Please join us from June 11 – 13 for powerful and inspiring sessions, professional development opportunities and updates from federal partners MCHB, CDC-DNPAO and USDA.
Back by popular demand are our Annual Meeting Poster Sessions. This year, we’ll be using this virtual poster session platform to view and interact with the posters and presenters. A few of the posters will be selected for presentation during breakfast on Monday and Tuesday. Presenters may be in the room or join the conversation remotely.
More info: https://asphn.org/2023-annual-meeting
Filter displayed posters (66 keywords)
Minority Serving Institution Program on HIV/AIDS 95:95:95 target by 2035: Access to Vaccines for Poverty Eradication
Anthony Uchenna Emeribe
Food Security and Public Health Nutrition: The Importance of the Nutrition Title in the Agricultural Improvement Act
Hailey Astin Shelby Lewis
Creating a Diverse Maternal and Child Health (MCH) Workforce to Improve Maternal and Child Health Indices: A Policy Brief.
Tamaraemumoemi Emmanuella Okoro
Tackling Maternal Mortality Disparity in Illinois State through Food Policies: Advocacy for Prenatal Obesity Prevention
Tolu Arowolo, MBBS, MPH, MSc; Adeola Animasahun, MBBS, MPH, Ph.D. ; George Smith, EDD, MPH; Yashika Watkins, Ph.D., MPH; Yvonne Bronner, ScD,
Problem Statement: In 2021, the maternal mortality rate in the United States increased to 32.9 deaths per 100,000 live births compared with a rate of 23.8 per 100,000 live births in 2020 and 20.1 per 100,000 live births in 2019. Non-Hispanic black women were disproportionately affected with a rate of 69.9 deaths per 100,000 live births which was 2.6 times the rate for non-Hispanic white women. In Illinois state, despite contributing less than 20% of total state births, African American women are six times as likely to die of a pregnancy-related condition as non-Hispanic White women. Obesity has been documented to be associated with about 44% of pregnancy-related death in Illinois State
Recommendations: Research and urgent intervention to address the rising prevalence of pre-pregnancy obesity among women of reproductive age group in communities with high infant and maternal mortality are needed. Maternal and child health stakeholders should consider prioritizing advocacy and funding to address obesity among women of reproductive age groups in Illinois.
Research: Scopus, Google Scholar, PubMed, and websites of Federal agencies, Illinois State, Cook County, and Chicago city public health agencies were searched for peer-reviewed publications and reports on maternal mortality and social determinants of health in Illinois and Chicago. An average of 75 Illinois women died while pregnant or within one year of pregnancy each year during 2008-2017. The highest number was recorded in 2017, which translated to a pregnancy-associated mortality rate (PAMR) of 49 deaths for every 100,000 live births in Illinois. Maternal obesity has been documented to be associated with about 44% of pregnancy-related death in Illinois.
Policy implications: Pursue advocacy and policy efforts to achieve accelerated pre-natal obesity prevalence reduction through mechanisms in which food policies affect diet. This includes providing an enabling environment for learning healthy food preferences, overcoming barriers to the expression of healthy food preferences, encouraging people to reassess existing unhealthy food preferences at the point of purchase, and stimulating a food-systems response. The integration of maternal nutritional counseling in adolescent health services, Women, Infants, and Children (WIC), Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), and the Healthy Start program is also advocated.
Conclusion: Pre-pregnancy obesity is a major contributing factor to the wide, persistent racial disparities in maternal mortality in the state of Illinois. There is a need for policymakers to encourage the enactment and implementation of food policies focusing on diet which can promote the prevention of obesity among women of reproductive age group. Specific examples include the provision of vegetables, a low-carb diet, and fruits for beneficiaries of WIC and SNAP programs.
Healthy Habits Chef Challenge: A Six-Session Program Which Resulted in Significant Improvements in Nutrition Knowledge in Low Income Diverse Elementary-Age Children
Abraya Johnson, RN,BSN, NCSN; M. Margaret Barth, MPH, PhD; Melissa Gutschall, RD, PhD; Dr. Kyle L. Thompson, DCN, RDN, LDN
Do: This project was conducted as a series of cooking classes for elementary school-aged children in a Boys’ and Girls’ Club in a community setting. The program met weekly for six weeks and used a pre-designed curriculum. Lessons included nutrition facts, hands-on kitchen safety and cooking skills, tastings to introduce new recipes and foods, and active games to reinforce learning. Data were collected through pre- and post-evaluations at the first and last sessions, and were analyzed using SPSS v. 27.
Study: Twenty-one 4th and 5th grade students participated in the project. Elementary-aged students showed significant knowledge improvements from pre- to post-intervention on benefits of fruits and vegetables (p = 0.016) and meal planning skills (p = 0.001). There was evidence of an intervention dose-response effect, with a significant difference in fruit and vegetable benefits knowledge between students attending 1-3 sessions and those attending 4 – 6 sessions (p = 0.005).
Act: Elementary-age students with adverse social determinants of health were able to learn nutrition knowledge and skills through hands on learning and active participation in cooking activities. The greatest challenge for this program was promoting consistent participation. Partnering with a program like Boys and Girls Club can assist in recruitment and retention, but the challenges persist.
Policy, Systems, and Environmental (PSE) Change Workforce Capacity Building To Support Local and Tribal Health Agencies in Wisconsin
Krista Nagel, Virginia Loehr MCHES, Amy Korth MS RDN, Amy Meinen MPH RDN, Tatiana Maida BA, Angela Flickinger MPH RDN
The Wisconsin Title V Physical Activity and Nutrition (PAN) Workgroup was formed to develop strategies to build the workforce capacity of Local and Tribal Health Agencies (LTHAs) to support physical activity and nutrition opportunities. In a survey of community-based partners, 93% of respondents reported interest in training opportunities to increase their public health knowledge and skills around implementing policy, systems, and environmental (PSE) changes to reach nutrition and physical activity goals. These findings emphasized the need for and led to the development of a collaborative, peer learning model that provided support for LTHAs in Wisconsin that chose nutrition and physical activity as a core focus objective (out of 7 possible objectives).
Methods: The University of Minnesota Extension’s Systems Approaches for Healthy Communities (SAHC) course was used to enhance workforce capacity to implement nutrition and physical activity programming through skill building and peer-to-peer learning opportunities with LTHDs.
The Systems Course Learning Model was implemented in January 2022. The model included individual LTHA completion of the SAHC course with technical assistance from course coaches, followed by three peer learning calls to discuss and reflect on the course content, an individual learning call for each LTHA, and a final learning call to share strategies for implementation of the course content.
Evaluation: After each learning call, an evaluation survey was sent to participating LTHAs to gather both qualitative and quantitative feedback. Most survey respondents chose “somewhat agree” when responding to if they had “gained new knowledge or skills” as a result of the learning model and “knew how to apply what they learned to their work promoting optional nutrition and physical activity in their community” (n=13, 81%).
An identical evaluation survey was used to gauge participants’ understanding of community engagement before and after completing the SAHC course. There were significant increases in understanding seen after completion of the course, the biggest being in the ability to tell the difference between outreach and engagement.
One-on-one conversations with LTHAs and coaches were also used to gather participant feedback. Based on the feedback, several changes were made to the 2023 learning model, including -Shortening of the course completion timeframe from 12 months to 6 months -Implementation of one learning call per module in the SAHC course (from 3 calls to 5) -Strengthening the model’s emphasis on helping LTHAs implement what they learned in the course in their work through coaching -Allocation of more time during each learning call for networking and peer-to-peer sharing Upon completing the 2022 Systems Course Learning Model, only 10 out of 46 registered LTHA staff members completed all course modules. Multiple barriers to LTHA completion of the course and participation in the learning model were identified including: continued priorities with responding to the COVID-19 pandemic and increased staff turnover. Despite these barriers, 7 of 9 LTHAs selected the physical activity and nutrition objective again in 2023, along with 5 new LTHAs, showing strong interest in continuing the work.
Next Steps: The current 2023 learning model includes new LTHAs (1st Level) completing the SAHC course, along with check-in calls with the continuing communities (2nd Level) that finished the course in 2022. Joint sessions have also been included which combine the 1st and 2nd level communities to facilitate deeper discussions and peer-to-peer learning.
A goal of the 2023 model has been to facilitate individualized coaching calls with LTHAs, (including those continuing from 2022), and provide technical assistance to support their PSE change strategies in their respective communities.
Throughout the second year (2023) of the learning model, feedback and ideas will be documented to continue an iterative process for continuous improvements into 2024 and solidify the learning model for use in future years.
Increasing Access To Local Foods In Michigan Early Care and Education settings
Maria Distler & Mary Neumaier
By utilizing Go NAPSACC and funding through ASPHN’s Capacity Building Grant (CABBAGE), the NKFM is working to increase access to local foods in Michigan early care and education settings. Through partner engagement, resources, trainings, networking, and custom technical assistance over three years, ECE providers are successfully and confidently increasing exposure to local produce, health education, and hands on learning for young children. In this presentation, the NKFM will demonstrate how CABBAGE funding has provided opportunities for ECEs in Western Wayne County of Michigan to engage in the farm to ECE Go NAPSACC modules, create gardens, move in a direction of food sovereignty, and work with knowledgeable, local partners regarding food systems.
Assessing Knowledge and Confidence Related to Prediabetes/Diabetes Education of Community Health Navigators in Michigan
Oregon’s Building State Capacity for Nutrition Integration Program
Children’s Healthy Weight State Capacity Building Program – Integrating Nutrition into MCH Programs
Amplifying Breastfeeding Mothers' Voices through Digital Storytelling
Navigating the Impact of Adverse Childhood Experiences on Mental Health: Effective Strategies for Prevention and Recovery
Sharmistha Roy, MBBS, MPH, MPH, CHES
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) impact people both physically and mentally. ACEs have extensive negative mental health outcomes, such as post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety, and depression. The prevention and intervention efforts can help promote positive mental health outcomes and resilience. After the comprehensive search of the relevant research paper, 50 current research were selected that met our inclusion criteria on the effectiveness of prevention and intervention strategies aimed at reducing the negative impact of ACEs on mental health. We will provide an overview of the ACEs framework and the importance of addressing ACEs as a public health issue. The poster will also highlight the intervention strategies that are aimed at mitigating ACEs, for instance, early childhood education programs, public education campaigns, high-quality childcare, social-emotional learning, parenting skills, and training that can reduce the risk of developing mental health problems and promote positive mental health outcomes. In addition, the poster will propose preventative strategies and interventions that focus on promoting resilience, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy and mindfulness-based interventions, which can help individuals cope with the effects of ACEs that will be useful for public health practitioners, clinicians, and policymakers.
Monkeypox During Pregnancy: Risks, Treatment, and Prevention Strategies
Sharmistha Roy, MBBS, MPH, MPH, CHES
Monkeypox, a zoonotic disease caused by a double-stranded DNA virus called the Monkeypox virus can be transmitted either from human to human or animal to human and poses severe complications to vulnerable populations including pregnant women. Now it is considered a deadlier pathogen due to its continuously changing epidemiology and rapid transmission. WHO declared Monkeypox a global health emergency on July 2022. Over 84,000 infections and 74 deaths have been reported globally since 31 December 2022.
According to CDC (2023), this virus can be transmitted to the fetus during pregnancy or to the newborn and causes adverse pregnancy outcomes. In cases of confirmed Monkeypox infection during pregnancy, spontaneous pregnancy loss, Preterm delivery, stillbirth, and neonatal Monkeypox infections have been reported. A comprehensive systematic literature search was conducted, and 30 studies were included in the review. The results indicated that individuals with Monkeypox infection experienced negative pregnancy outcomes, such as a history of miscarriages in the first trimester and fetal death in the early week of gestation and a premature infant born, and spontaneous pregnancy loss.
This research aims to convey together all the updated information regarding the Monkeypox virus transmission, diseases, and associated maternal-fetal consequences. Moreover, to successfully face this challenging infection by obstetricians, and general practitioners, and provide the best available care to their infected patients, we will summarize the recently available recommendations on the prevention and management of Monkeypox infection during pregnancy.
The Relationship Between Adolescents’ Perception of Weight and Water Intake for Weight Loss Among US Adolescents
Adewumi F. Oladele (MBChB, MED); Mian B. Hossain (PhD, MHS, MS)
Keywords: Adolescents, weight perception, water intake, and weight loss.
Assessment of the HIV Testing Behaviors Among Men Who Have Sex with Men in the United States: A Retrospective Analysis of AMIS Study from 2013 to 2019
Anthony Uchenna Emeribe
Trends in Physical Activities, Fruit and Vegetable Consumption Among Adults in Mississippi: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, 2011-202
Border-ere Fiemotonghan, Temiloluwa Ogundeyi, Praise Ebimaye Tangbe
Weight Inclusive Nutrition In Pregnancy: A Literature Review and Practice Application
Brianna Juma Caverzagie; Katherine Arlinghaus, PhD, RD; Jamie Stang, PhD, MPH, RDN
Methods: A PubMed MeSH search was conducted using terms related to the study aims, with an expanded search through screening relevant citations totaling 48 research papers and practice guidelines. Review articles were excluded.
Results: Many practice guidelines emphasize BMI and gestational weight gain (GWG), however almost none provide guidance on how to approach conversations about GWG or reduce weight stigma for pregnant people. Additionally, few care providers are comfortable discussing weight and nutrition during pregnancy and are often limited by time. People with a higher weight experience stigma, fear, and shame during their pregnancy when emphasis is placed on their risk, and this stigma may be associated with negative health outcomes. Some pregnant people want clearer communication regarding GWG and all ultimately want to feel heard and validated by their provider. While almost no weight-inclusive interventions have been studied, observational research reveals methods like intuitive eating, mindful eating, the 5As of Healthy Pregnancy Weight Gain™, and providing patient-centered counselling may be viable approaches to supporting a healthy, stigma-free pregnancy.
Conclusions: There is a clear need for an interventional study of weight-inclusive nutrition counselling methods in pregnancy. Limited time in prenatal care settings makes WIC a viable setting to test weight-inclusive practices and fill current gaps in the literature.
Exploration of the Association Between Family Eating Habits in Adolescence and Intuitive Eating in Young Adulthood
Carmen Wilkinson & Paige Dawson
Carmen Wilkinson & Paige Dawson Dr. Cristen Harris, Faculty Advisor
Objectives: The primary aim of this study was to explore the relationship between college students’ current level of intuitive eating and their parents’ or primary caregivers’ feeding style when the college students were adolescents. The secondary aim was to evaluate the relationship between college students’ current level of disordered eating behaviors and their parents' or primary caregivers’ dieting behaviors when the college students were adolescents.
Methods: College students were recruited by posting a link to the online study survey on social media, (Instagram and SnapChat). Inclusion criteria were: age >18 years, currently enrolled college student that shop/cook for themselves (i.e., not living in student housing), and not pregnant/lactating. The study survey consisted of the validated Intuitive Eating Scale, version 2 (IES-2), the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26), questions regarding students’ perspectives on their parent’s/guardian’s feeding tactics and dieting habits when the respondents were age 10-13 years, and sociodemographics.
Results: There were 111 participants included in the analyses. The sample was comprised of 25.2% male, 70.3% female, and 4.5% trans and gender non-conforming. Two-factor ANOVA revealed no significant associations between gender and caregiver(s)’ weight loss dieting history with IES-2 total scores. Two-factor ANOVA indicated a significant main effect between caregiver(s) dieting history and EAT-26 total scores (P = 0.018), but between-group differences could not be determined as they were not significant. There was no association between gender and EAT-26 scores, and no interaction. A significant correlation was found between IES-2 total score and the number of feeding tactics parents used at mealtimes (i.e., to either limit or encourage intake) when the participants were 10-13 years old (r = 0.266, P = 0.005). No other significant correlations were detected. Conclusion: Further research is needed to determine types of feeding tactics used during adolescence that relate to the development of self-regulation and intuitive eating in young adulthood. Founding Sources: None.
Maternal Obesity, Infant Mortality and Preterm Births in Tennessee.
Catherine N. Ononogbo, MSc., Titilola S. Akingbola, MBBS, MSc., FWACP., and Adeola Animasahun MBBS, MPH, Ph.D.
A Review of Cardiovascular Disease in African Americans and its Relation to Mental Health
Risk of Food and Nutrition and Insecurity (FNIS) in US Households with Children at the Beginning of the COVID-19 Pandemic
Emilie Holloway, MS, RDN; Candace Sapp, MS, RDN, LDN; Cristina Barroso, DrPH; Katie Kavanagh, PhD, RDN, LDN, CLC; Doris D'Souza, PhD; Sarah Colby, PhD, RDN
Prevalence Of Obesity And Hypertension Among Government Workers In The Eastern Part Of Nigeria, Enugu State
Type II Diabetes & Hawai‘i-Grown Staples
Using Positive Deviance Concepts to Improve WIC Counseling
Krista Nagel, Joni Geppert MPH RDN, Sandy Sather RDN, Mai Thao, Jamie Stang PhD MPH RDN
Aim: The aim of this project is to use strategies identified by families in the PD Study to create asset-based messages for use in WIC counseling sessions.
Methods: Minnesota WIC staff are interested in creating short WIC videos with PD Study findings, using content provided by members of diverse cultures. WIC staff across local agencies assessed this project to ensure videos would be successful. Initial video scripts were drafted using parental quotes from the PD Study which illustrated positive deviant behaviors. The first 2 videos were filmed in Spanish in the Spring of 2023, and Pretesting of the video clips was conducted with WIC peer counselors.
Results: The formative evaluation of the initial video scripts showed that staff had a general interest in using asset-based videos with WIC participants and that they found the topics relatable. Pretesting the initial videos with WIC peer counselors provided additional helpful feedback such as how many respondents indicated prefer a shorter video.
Next Steps: The next steps of this project are to finish editing the initial videos and then pilot-test them with WIC participants and WIC peer counselors before being used across the state. A future process and outcome evaluation will be conducted to assess implementation and measure the effectiveness of videos in creating behavior change.
Maternal and Child Health Public Health Workforce Opportunities and Challenges: Meeting the Nutrition-related Needs in a Rural, Frontier State
Authors: Kristy Rott Mary Larson
Learning Objectives: Describe opportunities for the public health workforce to deliver evidence-based public health nutrition for Maternal and Child Health in a rural, frontier state. Describe challenges for the public health workforce to deliver evidence-based public health nutrition for Maternal and Child Health in a rural, frontier state.
Background Within the state of North Dakota, the mostly rural public health workforce faces challenges in providing nutrition-related health services. MCH nutrition and breastfeeding support is paramount to a healthy lifecycle. This project addresses the workforce capacity and development needs for nutrition-related public health efforts across the Local Public Health Units (LPHU) in a rural, frontier state.
Methods Five semi-structured interviews with public health leaders representing LPHUs in North Dakota were conducted, digitally recorded, transcribed, and analyzed. The semi-structured interview guide was designed to gather information related to the public health nutrition-related MCH programs and services and identify workforce development opportunities and challenges. Thematic analysis, paying particular attention to maternal and child health needs, was conducted.
Results Themes that emerged from the data across the LPHUs include: Challenges–lack of PH workforce who are professionally trained in nutrition, lack of categorical funding for public health nutrition efforts. Opportunities–collaboration with other nutrition services in the community to fill the gaps, relationship building as essential components to providing public health services. Needs–training in leadership skills, policy development, and public health nutrition strategies.
Trained public health nutritionists have an important role in providing nutrition-related services to communities. It is important to acknowledge and support the services that only nutrition professionals can provide and encourage them to enter the field of public health. When it is not possible to employ a public health nutritionist, it is vital that those who are delivering nutrition-related services engage in workforce development to ensure competencies.
Table 1. Themes developed from public health professional interviews. Item: Nutrition education
Interview Comment: "People don't know how to cook. We provide food baskets, provide things that are healthy, but clients are asking for the ultra-processed items because that's what they know what to do with."
Theme: North Dakota obesity rates are a shared concern among public health professionals. Families need increased access to fruits and vegetables, as well as nutrition education and food preparation education delivered by public health nutritionists or other public health professionals who have received nutrition education and are competent nutrition educators.
Item: Lack of funding
Interview Comment: "The barrier is funding in terms of, I want to do this in the community, but it costs money. And I don't get a budget.” "If we wanted to hire another position, funding would be a barrier, I think the position would fill rather quickly." "We just can't compete with the private entity or the larger clinics."
Theme: Funding is required to meet the increased demand for more public health nutritionists in health promotion programs. This barrier limits the capacity of public health units in North Dakota for providing nutrition and health promotion services.
Item: Nutrition training needs in public health
Interview Comment: "If there's going to be education with it and that sort of thing, well, I want somebody with some nutrition background giving that kind of education."
Theme: When a public health nutritionist are not available to provide nutrition-related services, other public health professionals who have completed nutrition education/training should be providing these services. It is important to have dietitians involved in the development of nutrition education materials and in accordance with the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics standards of practice.
Item: Leadership and policy development
Interview Comment: "This is one area that we're lacking, that we haven't done too much with policy development." "It's hard sometimes to be at that higher policy level and really trying to push a policy through when our job doesn't allow us to."
Theme: Public health nutritionists have identified a need for greater knowledge of policy development and would like to increase their capacity in developing leadership skills.
Garden Resource Project: Understanding Garden Resource Utilization By Low Income Families with Children
Mai Thao & Rita Stephenson
Bringing Health Awareness to the Community: One Post at a Time
Meleah N. Pea
Assessing the Effectiveness of the SWAP Program at a Food Pantry in Hamtramck, Michigan
Olivia Ford PhD, MPH, RD; Rachel Bessire, MPH, RD; Alice Jo Rainville, PhD, RD, CHE, SNS, FAND; Tsu-Yin Wu, PhD, RN, FAAN
Program Evaluation of Local Grantee Experiences Implementing Breastfeeding and Food Insecurity Title V Priorities
Assessing Nutrition Literacy Among HIV/AIDS Clients at a Federally Qualified Health Center (FQHC) in Mississippi
Racial disparities in infant mortality and the influence of social determinants of health in Maryland: Research and Programmatic implication ASPHN Intern: Tamaraemumoemi Okoro , Preceptor: Dr. Adeola Animasahun
Tamaraemumoemi Emmanuella Okoro
Purpose: This narrative scoping review aims to highlight the counties in Maryland with significant racial disparities in infant mortality rates, highlight the contributory factors and make recommendations on how Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) can be critical partners in providing solutions.
Methods: Google Scholar and PubMed electronic databases were used for literature extraction. Inclusion criteria: peer reviewed published literature assessing racial disparities in infant mortality and the influence of social determinants of health; data from the CDC and state health departments. Exclusion criteria: unverified data sources; studies without data on African American population . Keywords for the literature search: infant mortality, racial disparities, social determinants of health, United States, African Americans, Blacks, Hispanics, Latinos, racial minorities, and people of color.
Results: Infant death rates in the US are higher than in other high income countries, even though the US spends more on healthcare per person and as a share of GDP. The US infant mortality rate (IMR) in 2020 was 5.8 deaths per 1,000 live births, while the average rate for OECD countries was 3.8 deaths per 1,000 live births. The IMR for NHBs was 10.38 per 1,000 live births, while NHW infants had mortality rates of 4.40 per 1,000 live births. African American women in the US have higher rates of poor birth outcomes, including preterm delivery, low birth weight (LBW), and small for gestational age, than NHWs and Hispanic women. Historically, the IMR for all races combined in Maryland has been higher than national rates because of the higher proportion of black people and higher black infant mortality rates compared to whites. The IMR in Maryland in 2020 was 5.7 per 1,000 live births. Non Hispanic black infants had an IMR of 9.9 per 1,000 live births, while NHW infants had an IMR of 3.3 per 1000 live births. The three leading causes of IMR in Maryland are LBW, congenital abnormalities, and maternal complications of pregnancy. The counties with the highest IMRs in 2020 are Dorchester (13.3), Wicomico (11.2), and Baltimore City(10.3). Low birth weight is the leading cause of IMR in Maryland, and NHB infants have a four time more likelihood of mortality from LBW than NHW infants. The influence of social determinants of health on infant mortality differs by race. Social inequalities, geographic disparities, and lifelong wear and tear effects of racism on African American mothers contribute to higher black infant mortality rates in the US compared to other races
Discussion: There is ample evidence that African Americans have the highest infant mortality rates across all racial and ethnic groups in the United States Newborn physician racial concordance is associated with significant improvements in the survival of black newborns The racial diversity of nurses is also associated with improved maternal and child outcomes. Building a diverse maternal and child (workforce that equitably includes underrepresented minorities that look like the communities they serve can be a game changer to improve health outcomes and reduce or eliminate racial disparities Historically Black Colleges and Universities are uniquely positioned to provide community based participatory research and a culturally matching workforce to address racial disparities in health indices. Research & Program Implications: Setting up MCH academic programs in HBCUs would increase the diversity of the MCH workforce in training and improve community based participatory research in their communities to improve maternal and child health outcomes.
Research & Program Implications: Setting up MCH academic programs in HBCUs would increase the diversity of the MCH workforce in training and improve community based participatory research in their communities to improve maternal and child health outcomes.
References: Bediako, P. T., BeLue, R., & Hillemeier, M. M. (2015). A Comparison of Birth Outcomes Among Black, Hispanic, and Black Hispanic Women. Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities, 2(4), 573 582. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40615 015 0110 2 Hill, L., Artiga, S., & Ranji, U. (2022). Racial Disparities in Maternal and Infant Health: Current Status and Efforts to Address Them. Kaiser Family Foundation. https://www.kff.org/racial equity and health policy/issue brief/racial disparities in maternal and infant health current status and efforts to address them/ Schneider, E.C., Shah, A., Doty, M.M., Tikkanen, R., Fields, K., Williams, R.D. (2021). Mirror, Mirror 2021 Reflecting Poorly: Health Care in the U.S. Compared to Other High Income Countries. https://www.commonwealthfund.org/publications/fund reports/2021/aug/mirror mirror 2021 reflecting poorly
Pregnancy Outcome Among Pregnant Sickle Cell Disease Patients at a Tertiary Facility in Nigeria